The issue of bottled water

Salman Zafar:

The best solution is to avoid purchasing bottled water. Bring a reusable, refillable thermos or water bottle to school, work and play. Remember to clean your reusable water bottle regularly.

Originally posted on HaltonRecycles:

I have always struggled with the issue of bottled water; my views of the issue change regularly.  I don’t have a definitive solution or answer to the issue, just a lot of ideas. There’s been a lot of research done recently on the water drinking habits of Canadians.

First, I think it is important to separate the issue into two parts — the package (the plastic bottle), and the product (the actual water).  Understandably, most people reject the notion of water — a basic human right — being considered a product, but just bear with me.

The Package

Water bottle - disposable

Recycle those plastic water bottles

The vast majority of bottled water is sold in plastic bottles #1 PET (polyethylene terephthalate).  Plastic bottles #1 is one of the easiest items to recycle, with a large percentage being recycled into polyester fabric material.  These bottles are accepted in Halton’s Blue Box program.

From a…

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I’ve seen the future and it looks like Masdar

Originally posted on energy-media-society:

My apologies to my readers that EnergyMediaSociety has been slow this last month. I’ve been swamped, among other things, with a trip to Abu Dhabi as the guest of Masdar for the inauguration of the Shams 1 CSP plant – which was amazing.

I must admit that I was a bit skeptical about Shams 1. I hear a lot of plans for big projects in the Middle East and North Africa, and many of them take an inordinately long time to actually get built. Shams 1 took three years – but it is also the largest operational CSP plant in the world, in a region with little CSP development, and incorporating novel technology. I’m trying not to give too much away here, because there is an upcoming Solar Energy System of the Month that I am writing for Solar Server (my day job) that will go into more detail.


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Trends in Energy Management

See on Scoop.itEnergy Blog

Managing and reducing energy consumption not only saves money but also helps in mitigating climate change and enhancing corporate reputation. The primary objective of energy management is to achiev…

Salman Zafar‘s insight:

Many businesses are now setting dynamic strategic direction to achieve immediate reduction in energy consumption. The trend towards energy efficiency will only continue to grow to sustain this demand. With increasing environmental awareness, there is significant room for growth and leadership for the adoption of energy optimization  introduction of specialized energy-saving systems and implementation of sustainable energy technologies.

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Water Stress in the Mediterranean

See on Scoop.itWater Board

For many years now, the Mediterranean has been facing problems leading to a situation of serious environmental degradation. An increase in the temperature and salinity levels has been recorded duri…

Salman Zafar‘s insight:

Proper water management is necessary, especially because water is a limited resource in the Mediterranean and the Middle East. Before this is possible, it is necessary to create a greater awareness amongst society. Industries must become more respectful of the environment, national policies must be adopted to promote such industries and sustainable, equitable water management must be set up.

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Cementatious Solidification of Healthcare Wastes

See on Scoop.itWaste Waste Everywhere

The most common cause for alarm pertaining to healthcare waste disposal is the exposure of workers to infectious wastes and contraction of diseases from these wastes. With the increased risk of exp…

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New Delhi’s Tryst with Rubbish

See on Scoop.itWaste Waste Everywhere

Have you seen the several storeys high landfill in Delhi at its border with Uttar Pradesh – Gazipur, a prime land! It’s a mountain of garbage now. How does the garbage reach the landfill and what w…

Salman Zafar‘s insight:

The general waste from our homes reaches the dumpsters and then is taken to the landfills where it is segregated. A staff of almost 46,000 people in total is allotted for this. Rag pickers separate the different articles in the garbage and make piles. The wet waste is sent to compost plants and the rest dumped at the landfills.

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Renewable Energy Perspectives for GCC

See on Scoop.itRenewables

The importance of renewable energy sources in the energy portfolio of any country is well known, especially in the context of energy security and impacts on climate change. The growing quest for re…

Salman Zafar‘s insight:

The promotion of renewable energy is becoming an integral part in the policy statements of governments in GCC countries. Particular attention is being paid to the development and deployment of solar energy for various applications. Masdar is a shining example of a government’s commitment towards addressing sustainability issues through education, R&D, investment, and commercialization of RE technologies.

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Renewable Energy Potential in India

See on Scoop.itRenewables

Renewable energy is growing rapidly in India. The Indian Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) estimates that there is a potential of around 90,000 MW for power generation from different rene…

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Wastes as Energy Resource

See on Scoop.itFostering Sustainable Development

The tremendous increase in the quantum and diversity of waste materials generated by human activities has focused the spotlight on waste disposal methods. Waste generation rates are affected by sta…

Salman Zafar‘s insight:

The implementation of advanced waste conversion technologies as a method for safe disposal of solid and liquid biomass wastes, and as an attractive option to generate heat, power and fuels, can greatly reduce environmental impacts of a wide array of wastes. 

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Landfills and Solid Waste Management

Originally posted on g caffè:

…Towards Eco-Friendly Tomorrow

Have you seen the several storeys high landfill in Delhi at its border with Uttar Pradesh – Gazipur, a prime land! It’s a mountain of garbage now.

How does the garbage reach the landfill and what will happen when this place is all filled up? Does our food waste also contribute to our garbage mountains?

May be we all know very less about what happens to the garbage we throw away on the streets and some in black plastic bags.

To begin with, it is called Solid Waste Management and is done by the local government bodies and some non-profit organisations.

There are three municipal bodies in the Indian capital city responsible for solid waste management –

  • Municipal Corporation of Delhi (MCD)
  • New Delhi Municipal Council (NDMC)
  • Delhi Cantonment Board (DCB)

In India, the National Solid Waste Association of India (NSWAI) is the leading professional non-profit organisation in…

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Composting with Worms

See on Scoop.itFostering Sustainable Development

Vermicomposting is a type of composting in which certain species of earthworms are used to enhance the process of organic waste conversion and produce a better end-product. It is a mesophilic process utilizing microorganisms and earthworms.

Salman Zafar‘s insight:

Vermicompost is earthworm excrement, called castings, which can improve biological, chemical, and physical properties of the soil. The chemical secretions in the earthworm’s digestive tract help break down soil and organic matter, so the castings contain more nutrients that are immediately available to plants.

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Energy Management in the Middle East

See on Scoop.itEnergy Blog

Managing and reducing energy consumption not only saves money but also helps in mitigating climate change and enhancing corporate reputation. The primary objective of energy management is to a…

Salman Zafar‘s insight:

Energy consumption in the Middle East is rising exponentially due to rapid industrialization and high population growth rate. Infact, the level of primary energy consumption in MENA region is one of the highest worldwide.  However, the efficiency of energy production and consumption patterns in the region requires improvement.

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Waste Management Outlook for India

See on Scoop.itWaste Waste Everywhere

Waste management crisis in India should be approached holistically; while planning for long term solutions, focus on addressing the immediate problems should be maintained.

Salman Zafar‘s insight:

Recycling, composting and waste-to-energy are all integral parts of the waste disposal solution and they are complementary to each other; none of them can solve India’s waste crisis alone. Any technology should be considered as a means to address public priorities, but not as an end goal in itself. Finally, discussion on waste management should consider what technology can be used, to what extent in solving the bigger problem and within what timeframe.

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Cost of Biomass Compared Fossil Fuel Cost

Salman Zafar:

Biomass is a form of stored solar vitality and is offered in a quantity of diverse forms, these kinds of as wood, straw, energy crops, sewage sludge, waste organic supplies and animal litter. This power is launched by burning or fermentation and distillation.

Originally posted on relish44tongue:

In this kind of circumstances, the use of Biomass strength can be a possible remedy. Biomass is a organic or a all-natural material that can be utilised to generate strength. The resources of Biomass comprise a vast range of components this kind of as lifeless trees, unused crops, forest and mill residues, animal wastes, aquatic plants and municipal and agricultural wastes.

When these supplies are burned as gas to generate strength, we get biomass strength. Other biomass components such as ethanol, which is created from corn and other leftover crops and biodiesel, which is created from vegetable oils and animal fat can be employed to develop biomass energy that can even electrical power transportation autos.

Nowadays, biomass fuels are readily obtainable. But biomass strength only accounts for about 3 per cent of strength utilized yearly in the United States. The major purpose is the generation price of different bio energy…

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Land misuse, land mismanagment

Originally posted on Say No To Food Waste:

In this post I would like to tackle the issue of land misuse or as some may call it mismanagement and to show how is it related to food waste and respectively food security. People are used to think of problems in a very superficial way. We are not willing to understand the whole production process. If I would ask an average person where does the food come from, the answer would be probably: “from the supermarket”. An average person may not be conscious of the whole chain that the “tomato” has to overcome to be eaten. At the beginning of this chain there is choosing a right place to grow, cultivate or breed future nutrition.

The main problem that I wanted to highlight is the relation of land misuse and food waste. It is quite logical. In developed countries we are running out of land. In most of those countries around…

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Solar Energy Tips And Techniques Straight From The Energy Experts

Originally posted on ghanaoven8:

Have you thought about a solar energy system for your home or business? Whether it is for your home or your business, solar power can be one of the wisest investments that you make. Read the following article and learn how solar energy can benefit you and how you can properly utilize it.

renewable energy technology Determine what the most cost effective ways to implement solar energy are. Sometimes, you will need energy to run more than just your heating unit. That said, they can provide enough energy to power your water heater. This will help you to maximize the benefits of a solar energy system for your home.

You need to determine if solar is the right fit for you. You need to consider a few things. If your area is remote, you may want to invest in solar energy. If you can make a large up-front investment, it…

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Recycling and Upcycling

Originally posted on Images In Bloom Studio:

Are these terms able to be used interchangeable?  No – not at all.

Recycling is the act of taking a product, breaking it down and remaking that same product…. such as paper scraps become paper.  Cans become cans.  Nothing innovative here… just reusing the raw material again and again.  While this was the first popular idea with the green movement, recycling is a valuable process that keeps countless amounts of things from the landfills.

Most garbage hauling companies are active in the sorting and staging of raw materials for recycle.   Plastic water bottles, and aluminum cans find new life melted down and reapplied to the production line.  Old tires become filler for road paving projects.  The garbage companies have a huge job to keep their limited space for dumping utilized efficiently, and effectively.

Garbage is on my mind because we recently attended a town hall meeting for our city.  We…

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Waste Management – The Essentials

Originally posted on Pollution Control:

Waste management is a process which involves collection of the waste matter which has been generated mainly due to diverse industrial activities or human consumption. Waste management companies engaged in different parts of the world transport and ship the collected garbage and waste matter to the waste treatment centre wherein the waste matter is processed and recycled for further use or else it is disposed for good.

In general, waste management covers a variety of options in garbage and waste removal.  For instance, a professional company which is involved in waste removal and management could be offering a vast assortment of services, starting from weekly garbage removal, yard waste removal, recycling materials, bulk waste removal, removal of organic food waste for composting, dumpster rentals and many more.

cleanup_waste_managementIf you’re in search of a waste management company that will work for your requirements it would be good to have answers to…

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Waste Management Outlook for Qatar

See on Scoop.itFostering Sustainable Development

Qatar is counted among the world’s fastest growing economies as well as richest countries in the world. The rapid industrialization of the country and high population growth generates a lot o…

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Renewable Energy Prospects in Palestine

See on Scoop.itRenewables

High population growth, increasing living standards and rapid industrial growth has led to tremendous energy demand in the Palestinian Territories in recent years. The energy situation in Palestine…

Salman Zafar‘s insight:

There is high potential for solar energy in the Palestine, with a daily average solar radiation of 5.4 kWh/m2 which should encourage its use for mass applications like cooking, industrial and domestic heating, water pumping, rural electrification, desalination etc. Although geothermal energy potential in Palestine has not been quantified yet, there has great deal of interest in geothermal energy due to the path-breaking efforts of Ramallah-based MENA Geothermal. Being an agricultural society, Palestine has appreciable amount of animal manure, crop wastes and solid wastes which can be utilized for generation of biomass energy. 

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Collection Systems for Agricultural Biomass

See on Scoop.itRenewables

Biomass collection involves operations pertaining to gathering, packaging, and transporting biomass to a nearby site for temporary storage. The amount of a biomass resource that can be collected at a given time depends on a variety of factors.

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Renewable Energy Developments in Morocco

See on Scoop.itRenewables

Morocco, being the largest energy importer in North Africa, is making concerted efforts to reduce its reliance on imported fossil fuels. Renewable energy is an attractive proposition as Morocco has…

Salman Zafar‘s insight:

The Moroccan Government has already achieved its target of supplying around 8% of total primary energy from renewables by 2012 which includes energy generation, conversion and distribution. Morocco is planning USD13 billion expansion of wind, solar and hydroelectric power generation capacity which would catapult the share of renewables in the energy mix to 42% by the year 2020, with solar, wind and hydro each contributing 14%. 

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Analyzing Logistics of a Biomass Power Plant

See on Scoop.itRenewables

Biomass feedstock logistics encompasses all of the unit operations necessary to move biomass feedstock from the land to the energy plant and to ensure that the delivered feedstock meets the specifications of the conversion process.

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Combating Desertification

See on Scoop.itFostering Sustainable Development

As the global population crosses 7 billion, the pressure on land has increased exponentially in recent decades. Food security, habitat and livelihood are the buzz words these days.

Salman Zafar‘s insight:

The major factors responsible for desertification are deforestation, over-grazing, unsustainable cultivation methods and poor irrigation practices, apart from climate change. According to Mr. Luc Gnacadja, executive secretary of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification, “Land degradation is a global phenomenon, with 78 percent of the degrading land taking place in non-drylands.” The inevitable outcome of desertification is the loss of invaluable agricultural lands, destruction of vegetation cover and hydrologic imbalance in drylands.

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زبالة. Garbage. Rubbish…

Originally posted on THEZACORNER:

By now most of Kuwait got the new garbage bins. As far as I know we have new companies that took over from the last clean up ones if I can call them that. What I don’t understand is the following:

Why do we have the exact same design as the previous company? When one switches companies it is supposed to be for the better and not to remain the same. I did  do some research online and noticed that even in the west they use the same shape, therefore I can easily assume its one company that produces such bins? If so why are we in the Middle East using the same size and shape as in the west , when their garbage capacity is much less than ours. Not to mention they recycle.. Hello.. wake up Kuwait Municipality…

Each household has gotten 2 or 3 bins, and this…

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Recycling Plastic. Why So Complicated?

Originally posted on Quest Resource Management Group:

But really. Why IS recycling plastic so complicated? Plastic is plastic, right? Unfortunately not. If you’ve ever looked closely at the bottom of a plastic item, you will notice a triangular symbol with arrows that enclose a number, and typically an acronym below that. It just so happens I have a plastic bottle at my desk. It may be hard to see, but this one has a number 1 with the letters PETE below. I also have a plastic cup labeled with a number 7.

soda bottle 2plastic cup1

Great, right? But what do these numbers mean?? Brace yourself, there are some big words coming up….

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Major Breakthroughs in Solar Technology for 2013

Originally posted on Great Things from Small Things .. Nanotechnology Innovation:

QDOTS imagesCAKXSY1K 8Despite a tough market leading to widespread cost reductions and negative returns for many operators in the photovoltaic sector in 2012, solar technology nonetheless took major strides and achieved a number of landmark breakthroughs in key research areas.


In materials research, the North Carolina State University (NCSU) in Raleigh, North Carolina used cutting-edge nanotechnology to develop slimmer and more affordable solar cells.

The cells are comprised of sandwiched nanostructures which not only cut down on material usage and expenditures but also improve solar absorption and raise conversion efficiency.

As an added bonus, the manufacturing processes for the new technology are compatible with techniques currently employed throughout the industry for the production of thin-film solar cells.

In terms of government-funded initiatives, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), a research arm of the US Department of Energy, teamed up with Natcore Technology to create the most absorbent solar cell…

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Water Woes in Palestine

See on Scoop.itWater Board

Water crisis in the West Bank and Gaza is largely overshadowed by the overall political tension between Palestine and Israel. However, the ever-growing water conflict between the two sides is a major

Salman Zafar‘s insight:

The rampant discrimination in utilization of water resources is evident with Palestinian farms relying on inconsistent rainwater to irrigate their crops, and illegal Israeli settlement farms using state-of-the-art irrigation systems. Despite controlling 100% of the water flowing from the Jordan River, Israel is using 85% of the water from the aquifers within West Bank territory while  Palestinians are receiving a pitiful 15%.

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Biomass Energy Potential in Pakistan

See on Scoop.itRenewables

Pakistan is experiencing a severe energy crisis these days which is resulting in adverse long term economic and social problems. The electricity and gas shortages have directly impacted the common man, Industry and commercial activities.

Salman Zafar‘s insight:

The potential to produce power from biomass is very promising in Pakistan. Being an agrarian economy, more than 60% of the population is involved in agricultural activities in the country. As per World Bank statistics, around 26, 280, 000 hectares of land is under cultivation in Pakistan. The major sources of biomass energy are crop residues, animal manure and municipal solid wastes

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Islam and Environment Protection

See on Scoop.itFostering Sustainable Development

Environment protection is an important aspect of Islam. Being stewards of the Earth, it is the responsibility of Muslims to care for the environment in a proactive manner. There is a definite purpose

Salman Zafar‘s insight:

The Islamic perspective on environment protection reflects a positive image about Islam and how it embraces every single matter the humans face on earth. The Islamic attitude towards environment and natural resource conservation is not only based on prohibition of over-exploitation but also on sustainable development.

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