Solar Wealth in Oil-Rich Saudi Arabia


See on Scoop.itRenewables

There is a growing Interest in utilization of solar energy in Saudi Arabia as the country is blessed with abundant solar flux throughout the year. Saudi Arabia has one of the highest solar irradiation in the world, estimated at approximately 2,200 thermal kWh of solar radiation per square meter. The country is strategically located near the Sun Belt, not to mention wide availability of empty stretches of desert that may accommodate solar power generating infrastructure.

Salman Zafar‘s insight:

The kingdom is planning to add an additional 41 GW of solar power by 2032, with 16 GW to be generated by photovoltaics and 25 GW by solar thermal power plants. One of the major achievements was the establishment of 3.5MW PV project at the King Abdullah Petroleum Studies and Research Center. 

See on www.ecomena.org

A Primer on Landfill Gas Recovery


See on Scoop.itFostering Sustainable Development

Landfill gas (or LFG) is generated during the natural process of bacterial decomposition of organic material contained in municipal solid waste landfills or garbage dumps. The waste is co…

Salman Zafar‘s insight:

The number of landfill gas projects, which convert the methane gas that is emitted from decomposing garbage into power, has seen significant increase around the world. Landfill gas recovery projects collect and treat the methane gas, so it can be used for electricity or upgraded to pipeline-grade quality to power homes, buildings, and vehicles.

See on www.ecomena.org

Water Scarcity in Egypt


See on Scoop.itWater Board

Egypt has been suffering from severe water scarcity in recent years. Uneven water distribution, misuse of water resources and inefficient irrigation techniques are some of the major factors playing…

Salman Zafar‘s insight:

Water issue in Egypt is rapidly assuming alarming proportion. By the year 2020, Egypt will be consuming 20 percent more water than it has. With its loosening grip on the Nile, water scarcity could endanger the country’s stability and regional dominance.

See on www.ecomena.org

Solar-Powered Desalination in Middle East


See on Scoop.itWater Board

Conventional large-scale desalination is cost-prohibitive and energy-intensive, and not viable for poor countries in the MENA region due to increasing costs of fossil fuels. In addition, the enviro…

Salman Zafar‘s insight:

Seawater desalination powered by concentrated solar power offers an attractive opportunity for Middle East countries to ensure affordable, sustainable and secure freshwater supply. The growing water deficit in the region is fuelling regional conflicts, political instability and environmental degradation. 

See on www.ecomena.org

Why should we believe in renewable energy?


Salman Zafar:

Renewable energy is at a starting point, it has problems and is expensive but when we ask WHY do we believe in renewable energy and the facts lead us to answers like: ”Because it brings economic value, because it provides better jobs, because it makes us independent and because it makes the world a better place where we can actually live and not melt” maybe this are things that are worth paying extra for.

Originally posted on ReConstructRomania:

 Image

  A very intense debate about the future of renewable energy in Romania has started at the beginning of this year, with numerous voices claiming that it only brings cost not value to our country.

  Before we decide if renewable energy is good or bad let’s first see WHY the EU ( European Union) and IEA (International Energy Association) care so much about this type of energy?

  So WHY are these organizations promoting renewable energy an WHY should we believe in it ?

  1. Does it bring value to the economy?

   According to the debaters from our country it seems that renewable energy is only increasing the cost of energy, so economic growth is not the reason, but IEA seems to disagree, so let’s have a look at some facts about energy subsidies.

   IEA (International Energy Agency) in the WORLD ENERGY OUTLOOK 2011 FACTSHEET :

 ” Fossil-fuel consumption subsidies worldwide amounted to $409 billion in…

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Biomass Conversion Technologies


See on Scoop.itEnergy Blog

Bioenergy generation can be tailored to rural or urban environments, and utilized in domestic, commercial or industrial applications. A wide range of technologies are available for realizing the po…

Salman Zafar‘s insight:

Anaerobic digestion is a series of chemical reactions during which organic material is decomposed through the metabolic pathways of naturally occurring microorganisms in an oxygen depleted environment. In addition, wastes can also yield liquid fuels, such as cellulosic ethanol and biodiesel, which can be used to replace petroleum-based fuels.

See on www.cleantechloops.com

Destruction of the Dead Sea


See on Scoop.itWater Board

The Dead Sea is the lowest point on the planet and one of the most unique environments in the world. It lies on the borders of Jordan, the West Bank and Israel. Known for its high-density waters an…

Salman Zafar‘s insight:

The Dead Sea has a geological importance in the region, and has many important aspects that make it significant.

Regenerating the Jordan River, less water desalination, and improving water management practices will help regenerate the Dead Sea and help maintain this unique and important environment.

See on www.ecomena.org

Recycling of Used Lead-Acid Batteries


See on Scoop.itWaste Waste Everywhere

Lead-acid storage batteries are widely used on a mass-scale in all parts of the world.  They act as power sources in a wide-range of equipment and appliances used by households, commerce and i…

Salman Zafar‘s insight:

Lead is highly toxic metal and once the battery becomes inoperative, it is necessary to ensure its proper collection and eco-friendly recycling. A single lead-acid battery disposed of incorrectly into a municipal solid waste collection system, and not removed prior to entering a resource recovery facility for mixed MSW, could contaminate 25 tonnes of MSW and prevent the recovery of the organic resources within this waste because of high lead level.

See on www.ecomena.org

Making of Biomass Pellets


See on Scoop.itEnergy Blog

Biomass pellets are a type of biomass fuel, generally made from wastes from wood products manufacture, agricultural wastes, forestry residues etc. Pellets are manufactured in several types and grad…

Salman Zafar‘s insight:

In addition to savings in transportation and storage, granulated biomass facilitates easy and cost effective handling. Dense cubes pellets have the flow ability characteristics similar to those of cereal grains. Bulk handling equipment for granular material is well developed and available commercially

See on www.cleantechloops.com

Water Woes in West Asia


See on Scoop.itWater Board

Water availability in the Arab region is a critical issue as the region has 5 percent of the world’s population having access to merely 1 percent of the world’s total water resources…

Salman Zafar‘s insight:

Water availability has become a serious issue in West Asia due to population explosion, climate change, droughts, desertification and scarce rainfall. The success of water-related strategies depends on political, financial and human commitments. A UNEP report estimates that water resources area in West Asia is likely to drop to 20 percent over the next fifty years due to multiple factors, such as climate change.

See on www.ecomena.org

The issue of bottled water


Salman Zafar:

The best solution is to avoid purchasing bottled water. Bring a reusable, refillable thermos or water bottle to school, work and play. Remember to clean your reusable water bottle regularly.

Originally posted on HaltonRecycles:

I have always struggled with the issue of bottled water; my views of the issue change regularly.  I don’t have a definitive solution or answer to the issue, just a lot of ideas. There’s been a lot of research done recently on the water drinking habits of Canadians.

First, I think it is important to separate the issue into two parts — the package (the plastic bottle), and the product (the actual water).  Understandably, most people reject the notion of water — a basic human right — being considered a product, but just bear with me.

The Package

Water bottle - disposable

Recycle those plastic water bottles

The vast majority of bottled water is sold in plastic bottles #1 PET (polyethylene terephthalate).  Plastic bottles #1 is one of the easiest items to recycle, with a large percentage being recycled into polyester fabric material.  These bottles are accepted in Halton’s Blue Box program.

From a…

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I’ve seen the future and it looks like Masdar


Originally posted on energy-media-society:

My apologies to my readers that EnergyMediaSociety has been slow this last month. I’ve been swamped, among other things, with a trip to Abu Dhabi as the guest of Masdar for the inauguration of the Shams 1 CSP plant – which was amazing.

I must admit that I was a bit skeptical about Shams 1. I hear a lot of plans for big projects in the Middle East and North Africa, and many of them take an inordinately long time to actually get built. Shams 1 took three years – but it is also the largest operational CSP plant in the world, in a region with little CSP development, and incorporating novel technology. I’m trying not to give too much away here, because there is an upcoming Solar Energy System of the Month that I am writing for Solar Server (my day job) that will go into more detail.

Shams…

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Trends in Energy Management


See on Scoop.itEnergy Blog

Managing and reducing energy consumption not only saves money but also helps in mitigating climate change and enhancing corporate reputation. The primary objective of energy management is to achiev…

Salman Zafar‘s insight:

Many businesses are now setting dynamic strategic direction to achieve immediate reduction in energy consumption. The trend towards energy efficiency will only continue to grow to sustain this demand. With increasing environmental awareness, there is significant room for growth and leadership for the adoption of energy optimization  introduction of specialized energy-saving systems and implementation of sustainable energy technologies.

See on www.cleantechloops.com

Water Stress in the Mediterranean


See on Scoop.itWater Board

For many years now, the Mediterranean has been facing problems leading to a situation of serious environmental degradation. An increase in the temperature and salinity levels has been recorded duri…

Salman Zafar‘s insight:

Proper water management is necessary, especially because water is a limited resource in the Mediterranean and the Middle East. Before this is possible, it is necessary to create a greater awareness amongst society. Industries must become more respectful of the environment, national policies must be adopted to promote such industries and sustainable, equitable water management must be set up.

See on www.ecomena.org

Cementatious Solidification of Healthcare Wastes


See on Scoop.itWaste Waste Everywhere

The most common cause for alarm pertaining to healthcare waste disposal is the exposure of workers to infectious wastes and contraction of diseases from these wastes. With the increased risk of exp…

See on www.ecomena.org

New Delhi’s Tryst with Rubbish


See on Scoop.itWaste Waste Everywhere

Have you seen the several storeys high landfill in Delhi at its border with Uttar Pradesh – Gazipur, a prime land! It’s a mountain of garbage now. How does the garbage reach the landfill and what w…

Salman Zafar‘s insight:

The general waste from our homes reaches the dumpsters and then is taken to the landfills where it is segregated. A staff of almost 46,000 people in total is allotted for this. Rag pickers separate the different articles in the garbage and make piles. The wet waste is sent to compost plants and the rest dumped at the landfills.

See on www.cleantechloops.com

Renewable Energy Perspectives for GCC


See on Scoop.itRenewables

The importance of renewable energy sources in the energy portfolio of any country is well known, especially in the context of energy security and impacts on climate change. The growing quest for re…

Salman Zafar‘s insight:

The promotion of renewable energy is becoming an integral part in the policy statements of governments in GCC countries. Particular attention is being paid to the development and deployment of solar energy for various applications. Masdar is a shining example of a government’s commitment towards addressing sustainability issues through education, R&D, investment, and commercialization of RE technologies.

See on www.ecomena.org

Renewable Energy Potential in India


See on Scoop.itRenewables

Renewable energy is growing rapidly in India. The Indian Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) estimates that there is a potential of around 90,000 MW for power generation from different rene…

See on www.cleantechloops.com

Wastes as Energy Resource


See on Scoop.itFostering Sustainable Development

The tremendous increase in the quantum and diversity of waste materials generated by human activities has focused the spotlight on waste disposal methods. Waste generation rates are affected by sta…

Salman Zafar‘s insight:

The implementation of advanced waste conversion technologies as a method for safe disposal of solid and liquid biomass wastes, and as an attractive option to generate heat, power and fuels, can greatly reduce environmental impacts of a wide array of wastes. 

See on www.ecomena.org

Landfills and Solid Waste Management


Originally posted on g caffè:

…Towards Eco-Friendly Tomorrow

Have you seen the several storeys high landfill in Delhi at its border with Uttar Pradesh – Gazipur, a prime land! It’s a mountain of garbage now.

How does the garbage reach the landfill and what will happen when this place is all filled up? Does our food waste also contribute to our garbage mountains?

May be we all know very less about what happens to the garbage we throw away on the streets and some in black plastic bags.

To begin with, it is called Solid Waste Management and is done by the local government bodies and some non-profit organisations.

There are three municipal bodies in the Indian capital city responsible for solid waste management –

  • Municipal Corporation of Delhi (MCD)
  • New Delhi Municipal Council (NDMC)
  • Delhi Cantonment Board (DCB)

In India, the National Solid Waste Association of India (NSWAI) is the leading professional non-profit organisation in…

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Composting with Worms


See on Scoop.itFostering Sustainable Development

Vermicomposting is a type of composting in which certain species of earthworms are used to enhance the process of organic waste conversion and produce a better end-product. It is a mesophilic process utilizing microorganisms and earthworms.

Salman Zafar‘s insight:

Vermicompost is earthworm excrement, called castings, which can improve biological, chemical, and physical properties of the soil. The chemical secretions in the earthworm’s digestive tract help break down soil and organic matter, so the castings contain more nutrients that are immediately available to plants.

See on www.bioenergyconsult.com

Energy Management in the Middle East


See on Scoop.itEnergy Blog

Managing and reducing energy consumption not only saves money but also helps in mitigating climate change and enhancing corporate reputation. The primary objective of energy management is to a…

Salman Zafar‘s insight:

Energy consumption in the Middle East is rising exponentially due to rapid industrialization and high population growth rate. Infact, the level of primary energy consumption in MENA region is one of the highest worldwide.  However, the efficiency of energy production and consumption patterns in the region requires improvement.

See on www.ecomena.org

Waste Management Outlook for India


See on Scoop.itWaste Waste Everywhere

Waste management crisis in India should be approached holistically; while planning for long term solutions, focus on addressing the immediate problems should be maintained.

Salman Zafar‘s insight:

Recycling, composting and waste-to-energy are all integral parts of the waste disposal solution and they are complementary to each other; none of them can solve India’s waste crisis alone. Any technology should be considered as a means to address public priorities, but not as an end goal in itself. Finally, discussion on waste management should consider what technology can be used, to what extent in solving the bigger problem and within what timeframe.

See on www.bioenergyconsult.com

Cost of Biomass Compared Fossil Fuel Cost


Salman Zafar:

Biomass is a form of stored solar vitality and is offered in a quantity of diverse forms, these kinds of as wood, straw, energy crops, sewage sludge, waste organic supplies and animal litter. This power is launched by burning or fermentation and distillation.

Originally posted on relish44tongue:

In this kind of circumstances, the use of Biomass strength can be a possible remedy. Biomass is a organic or a all-natural material that can be utilised to generate strength. The resources of Biomass comprise a vast range of components this kind of as lifeless trees, unused crops, forest and mill residues, animal wastes, aquatic plants and municipal and agricultural wastes.

When these supplies are burned as gas to generate strength, we get biomass strength. Other biomass components such as ethanol, which is created from corn and other leftover crops and biodiesel, which is created from vegetable oils and animal fat can be employed to develop biomass energy that can even electrical power transportation autos.

Nowadays, biomass fuels are readily obtainable. But biomass strength only accounts for about 3 per cent of strength utilized yearly in the United States. The major purpose is the generation price of different bio energy…

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Land misuse, land mismanagment


Originally posted on Say No To Food Waste:

In this post I would like to tackle the issue of land misuse or as some may call it mismanagement and to show how is it related to food waste and respectively food security. People are used to think of problems in a very superficial way. We are not willing to understand the whole production process. If I would ask an average person where does the food come from, the answer would be probably: “from the supermarket”. An average person may not be conscious of the whole chain that the “tomato” has to overcome to be eaten. At the beginning of this chain there is choosing a right place to grow, cultivate or breed future nutrition.

The main problem that I wanted to highlight is the relation of land misuse and food waste. It is quite logical. In developed countries we are running out of land. In most of those countries around…

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Solar Energy Tips And Techniques Straight From The Energy Experts


Originally posted on ghanaoven8:

Have you thought about a solar energy system for your home or business? Whether it is for your home or your business, solar power can be one of the wisest investments that you make. Read the following article and learn how solar energy can benefit you and how you can properly utilize it.

renewable energy technology Determine what the most cost effective ways to implement solar energy are. Sometimes, you will need energy to run more than just your heating unit. That said, they can provide enough energy to power your water heater. This will help you to maximize the benefits of a solar energy system for your home.

You need to determine if solar is the right fit for you. You need to consider a few things. If your area is remote, you may want to invest in solar energy. If you can make a large up-front investment, it…

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Recycling and Upcycling


Originally posted on Images In Bloom Studios:

Are these terms able to be used interchangeable?  No – not at all.

Recycling is the act of taking a product, breaking it down and remaking that same product…. such as paper scraps become paper.  Cans become cans.  Nothing innovative here… just reusing the raw material again and again.  While this was the first popular idea with the green movement, recycling is a valuable process that keeps countless amounts of things from the landfills.

Most garbage hauling companies are active in the sorting and staging of raw materials for recycle.   Plastic water bottles, and aluminum cans find new life melted down and reapplied to the production line.  Old tires become filler for road paving projects.  The garbage companies have a huge job to keep their limited space for dumping utilized efficiently, and effectively.

Garbage is on my mind because we recently attended a town hall meeting for our city.  We…

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Waste Management – The Essentials


Originally posted on Pollution Control:

Waste management is a process which involves collection of the waste matter which has been generated mainly due to diverse industrial activities or human consumption. Waste management companies engaged in different parts of the world transport and ship the collected garbage and waste matter to the waste treatment centre wherein the waste matter is processed and recycled for further use or else it is disposed for good.

In general, waste management covers a variety of options in garbage and waste removal.  For instance, a professional company which is involved in waste removal and management could be offering a vast assortment of services, starting from weekly garbage removal, yard waste removal, recycling materials, bulk waste removal, removal of organic food waste for composting, dumpster rentals and many more.

cleanup_waste_managementIf you’re in search of a waste management company that will work for your requirements it would be good to have answers to…

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Waste Management Outlook for Qatar


See on Scoop.itFostering Sustainable Development

Qatar is counted among the world’s fastest growing economies as well as richest countries in the world. The rapid industrialization of the country and high population growth generates a lot o…

See on www.ecomena.org

Renewable Energy Prospects in Palestine


See on Scoop.itRenewables

High population growth, increasing living standards and rapid industrial growth has led to tremendous energy demand in the Palestinian Territories in recent years. The energy situation in Palestine…

Salman Zafar‘s insight:

There is high potential for solar energy in the Palestine, with a daily average solar radiation of 5.4 kWh/m2 which should encourage its use for mass applications like cooking, industrial and domestic heating, water pumping, rural electrification, desalination etc. Although geothermal energy potential in Palestine has not been quantified yet, there has great deal of interest in geothermal energy due to the path-breaking efforts of Ramallah-based MENA Geothermal. Being an agricultural society, Palestine has appreciable amount of animal manure, crop wastes and solid wastes which can be utilized for generation of biomass energy. 

See on www.ecomena.org