Wastes as Energy Resource


See on Scoop.itFostering Sustainable Development

The tremendous increase in the quantum and diversity of waste materials generated by human activities has focused the spotlight on waste disposal methods. Waste generation rates are affected by sta…

Salman Zafar‘s insight:

The implementation of advanced waste conversion technologies as a method for safe disposal of solid and liquid biomass wastes, and as an attractive option to generate heat, power and fuels, can greatly reduce environmental impacts of a wide array of wastes. 

See on www.ecomena.org

Landfills and Solid Waste Management


Originally posted on g caffè:

…Towards Eco-Friendly Tomorrow

Have you seen the several storeys high landfill in Delhi at its border with Uttar Pradesh – Gazipur, a prime land! It’s a mountain of garbage now.

How does the garbage reach the landfill and what will happen when this place is all filled up? Does our food waste also contribute to our garbage mountains?

May be we all know very less about what happens to the garbage we throw away on the streets and some in black plastic bags.

To begin with, it is called Solid Waste Management and is done by the local government bodies and some non-profit organisations.

There are three municipal bodies in the Indian capital city responsible for solid waste management –

  • Municipal Corporation of Delhi (MCD)
  • New Delhi Municipal Council (NDMC)
  • Delhi Cantonment Board (DCB)

In India, the National Solid Waste Association of India (NSWAI) is the leading professional non-profit organisation in…

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Composting with Worms


See on Scoop.itFostering Sustainable Development

Vermicomposting is a type of composting in which certain species of earthworms are used to enhance the process of organic waste conversion and produce a better end-product. It is a mesophilic process utilizing microorganisms and earthworms.

Salman Zafar‘s insight:

Vermicompost is earthworm excrement, called castings, which can improve biological, chemical, and physical properties of the soil. The chemical secretions in the earthworm’s digestive tract help break down soil and organic matter, so the castings contain more nutrients that are immediately available to plants.

See on www.bioenergyconsult.com

Energy Management in the Middle East


See on Scoop.itEnergy Blog

Managing and reducing energy consumption not only saves money but also helps in mitigating climate change and enhancing corporate reputation. The primary objective of energy management is to a…

Salman Zafar‘s insight:

Energy consumption in the Middle East is rising exponentially due to rapid industrialization and high population growth rate. Infact, the level of primary energy consumption in MENA region is one of the highest worldwide.  However, the efficiency of energy production and consumption patterns in the region requires improvement.

See on www.ecomena.org

Waste Management Outlook for India


See on Scoop.itWaste Waste Everywhere

Waste management crisis in India should be approached holistically; while planning for long term solutions, focus on addressing the immediate problems should be maintained.

Salman Zafar‘s insight:

Recycling, composting and waste-to-energy are all integral parts of the waste disposal solution and they are complementary to each other; none of them can solve India’s waste crisis alone. Any technology should be considered as a means to address public priorities, but not as an end goal in itself. Finally, discussion on waste management should consider what technology can be used, to what extent in solving the bigger problem and within what timeframe.

See on www.bioenergyconsult.com

Cost of Biomass Compared Fossil Fuel Cost


Salman Zafar:

Biomass is a form of stored solar vitality and is offered in a quantity of diverse forms, these kinds of as wood, straw, energy crops, sewage sludge, waste organic supplies and animal litter. This power is launched by burning or fermentation and distillation.

Originally posted on relish44tongue:

In this kind of circumstances, the use of Biomass strength can be a possible remedy. Biomass is a organic or a all-natural material that can be utilised to generate strength. The resources of Biomass comprise a vast range of components this kind of as lifeless trees, unused crops, forest and mill residues, animal wastes, aquatic plants and municipal and agricultural wastes.

When these supplies are burned as gas to generate strength, we get biomass strength. Other biomass components such as ethanol, which is created from corn and other leftover crops and biodiesel, which is created from vegetable oils and animal fat can be employed to develop biomass energy that can even electrical power transportation autos.

Nowadays, biomass fuels are readily obtainable. But biomass strength only accounts for about 3 per cent of strength utilized yearly in the United States. The major purpose is the generation price of different bio energy…

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Land misuse, land mismanagment


Originally posted on Say No To Food Waste:

In this post I would like to tackle the issue of land misuse or as some may call it mismanagement and to show how is it related to food waste and respectively food security. People are used to think of problems in a very superficial way. We are not willing to understand the whole production process. If I would ask an average person where does the food come from, the answer would be probably: “from the supermarket”. An average person may not be conscious of the whole chain that the “tomato” has to overcome to be eaten. At the beginning of this chain there is choosing a right place to grow, cultivate or breed future nutrition.

The main problem that I wanted to highlight is the relation of land misuse and food waste. It is quite logical. In developed countries we are running out of land. In most of those countries around…

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Solar Energy Tips And Techniques Straight From The Energy Experts


Originally posted on ghanaoven8:

Have you thought about a solar energy system for your home or business? Whether it is for your home or your business, solar power can be one of the wisest investments that you make. Read the following article and learn how solar energy can benefit you and how you can properly utilize it.

renewable energy technology Determine what the most cost effective ways to implement solar energy are. Sometimes, you will need energy to run more than just your heating unit. That said, they can provide enough energy to power your water heater. This will help you to maximize the benefits of a solar energy system for your home.

You need to determine if solar is the right fit for you. You need to consider a few things. If your area is remote, you may want to invest in solar energy. If you can make a large up-front investment, it…

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Recycling and Upcycling


Originally posted on Images In Bloom Studio:

Are these terms able to be used interchangeable?  No – not at all.

Recycling is the act of taking a product, breaking it down and remaking that same product…. such as paper scraps become paper.  Cans become cans.  Nothing innovative here… just reusing the raw material again and again.  While this was the first popular idea with the green movement, recycling is a valuable process that keeps countless amounts of things from the landfills.

Most garbage hauling companies are active in the sorting and staging of raw materials for recycle.   Plastic water bottles, and aluminum cans find new life melted down and reapplied to the production line.  Old tires become filler for road paving projects.  The garbage companies have a huge job to keep their limited space for dumping utilized efficiently, and effectively.

Garbage is on my mind because we recently attended a town hall meeting for our city.  We…

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Waste Management – The Essentials


Originally posted on Pollution Control:

Waste management is a process which involves collection of the waste matter which has been generated mainly due to diverse industrial activities or human consumption. Waste management companies engaged in different parts of the world transport and ship the collected garbage and waste matter to the waste treatment centre wherein the waste matter is processed and recycled for further use or else it is disposed for good.

In general, waste management covers a variety of options in garbage and waste removal.  For instance, a professional company which is involved in waste removal and management could be offering a vast assortment of services, starting from weekly garbage removal, yard waste removal, recycling materials, bulk waste removal, removal of organic food waste for composting, dumpster rentals and many more.

cleanup_waste_managementIf you’re in search of a waste management company that will work for your requirements it would be good to have answers to…

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Waste Management Outlook for Qatar


See on Scoop.itFostering Sustainable Development

Qatar is counted among the world’s fastest growing economies as well as richest countries in the world. The rapid industrialization of the country and high population growth generates a lot o…

See on www.ecomena.org

Renewable Energy Prospects in Palestine


See on Scoop.itRenewables

High population growth, increasing living standards and rapid industrial growth has led to tremendous energy demand in the Palestinian Territories in recent years. The energy situation in Palestine…

Salman Zafar‘s insight:

There is high potential for solar energy in the Palestine, with a daily average solar radiation of 5.4 kWh/m2 which should encourage its use for mass applications like cooking, industrial and domestic heating, water pumping, rural electrification, desalination etc. Although geothermal energy potential in Palestine has not been quantified yet, there has great deal of interest in geothermal energy due to the path-breaking efforts of Ramallah-based MENA Geothermal. Being an agricultural society, Palestine has appreciable amount of animal manure, crop wastes and solid wastes which can be utilized for generation of biomass energy. 

See on www.ecomena.org

Collection Systems for Agricultural Biomass


See on Scoop.itRenewables

Biomass collection involves operations pertaining to gathering, packaging, and transporting biomass to a nearby site for temporary storage. The amount of a biomass resource that can be collected at a given time depends on a variety of factors.

See on www.bioenergyconsult.com

Renewable Energy Developments in Morocco


See on Scoop.itRenewables

Morocco, being the largest energy importer in North Africa, is making concerted efforts to reduce its reliance on imported fossil fuels. Renewable energy is an attractive proposition as Morocco has…

Salman Zafar‘s insight:

The Moroccan Government has already achieved its target of supplying around 8% of total primary energy from renewables by 2012 which includes energy generation, conversion and distribution. Morocco is planning USD13 billion expansion of wind, solar and hydroelectric power generation capacity which would catapult the share of renewables in the energy mix to 42% by the year 2020, with solar, wind and hydro each contributing 14%. 

See on www.ecomena.org

Analyzing Logistics of a Biomass Power Plant


See on Scoop.itRenewables

Biomass feedstock logistics encompasses all of the unit operations necessary to move biomass feedstock from the land to the energy plant and to ensure that the delivered feedstock meets the specifications of the conversion process.

See on www.bioenergyconsult.com

Combating Desertification


See on Scoop.itFostering Sustainable Development

As the global population crosses 7 billion, the pressure on land has increased exponentially in recent decades. Food security, habitat and livelihood are the buzz words these days.

Salman Zafar‘s insight:

The major factors responsible for desertification are deforestation, over-grazing, unsustainable cultivation methods and poor irrigation practices, apart from climate change. According to Mr. Luc Gnacadja, executive secretary of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification, “Land degradation is a global phenomenon, with 78 percent of the degrading land taking place in non-drylands.” The inevitable outcome of desertification is the loss of invaluable agricultural lands, destruction of vegetation cover and hydrologic imbalance in drylands.

See on www.ecomena.org

زبالة. Garbage. Rubbish…


Originally posted on THEZACORNER:

By now most of Kuwait got the new garbage bins. As far as I know we have new companies that took over from the last clean up ones if I can call them that. What I don’t understand is the following:

Why do we have the exact same design as the previous company? When one switches companies it is supposed to be for the better and not to remain the same. I did  do some research online and noticed that even in the west they use the same shape, therefore I can easily assume its one company that produces such bins? If so why are we in the Middle East using the same size and shape as in the west , when their garbage capacity is much less than ours. Not to mention they recycle.. Hello.. wake up Kuwait Municipality…

Each household has gotten 2 or 3 bins, and this…

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Recycling Plastic. Why So Complicated?


Originally posted on Quest Resource Management Group:

But really. Why IS recycling plastic so complicated? Plastic is plastic, right? Unfortunately not. If you’ve ever looked closely at the bottom of a plastic item, you will notice a triangular symbol with arrows that enclose a number, and typically an acronym below that. It just so happens I have a plastic bottle at my desk. It may be hard to see, but this one has a number 1 with the letters PETE below. I also have a plastic cup labeled with a number 7.

soda bottle 2plastic cup1

Great, right? But what do these numbers mean?? Brace yourself, there are some big words coming up….

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Major Breakthroughs in Solar Technology for 2013


Originally posted on Great Things from Small Things .. Nanotechnology Innovation:

QDOTS imagesCAKXSY1K 8Despite a tough market leading to widespread cost reductions and negative returns for many operators in the photovoltaic sector in 2012, solar technology nonetheless took major strides and achieved a number of landmark breakthroughs in key research areas.

 

In materials research, the North Carolina State University (NCSU) in Raleigh, North Carolina used cutting-edge nanotechnology to develop slimmer and more affordable solar cells.

The cells are comprised of sandwiched nanostructures which not only cut down on material usage and expenditures but also improve solar absorption and raise conversion efficiency.

As an added bonus, the manufacturing processes for the new technology are compatible with techniques currently employed throughout the industry for the production of thin-film solar cells.

In terms of government-funded initiatives, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), a research arm of the US Department of Energy, teamed up with Natcore Technology to create the most absorbent solar cell…

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Water Woes in Palestine


See on Scoop.itWater Board

Water crisis in the West Bank and Gaza is largely overshadowed by the overall political tension between Palestine and Israel. However, the ever-growing water conflict between the two sides is a major

Salman Zafar‘s insight:

The rampant discrimination in utilization of water resources is evident with Palestinian farms relying on inconsistent rainwater to irrigate their crops, and illegal Israeli settlement farms using state-of-the-art irrigation systems. Despite controlling 100% of the water flowing from the Jordan River, Israel is using 85% of the water from the aquifers within West Bank territory while  Palestinians are receiving a pitiful 15%.

See on www.ecomena.org

Biomass Energy Potential in Pakistan


See on Scoop.itRenewables

Pakistan is experiencing a severe energy crisis these days which is resulting in adverse long term economic and social problems. The electricity and gas shortages have directly impacted the common man, Industry and commercial activities.

Salman Zafar‘s insight:

The potential to produce power from biomass is very promising in Pakistan. Being an agrarian economy, more than 60% of the population is involved in agricultural activities in the country. As per World Bank statistics, around 26, 280, 000 hectares of land is under cultivation in Pakistan. The major sources of biomass energy are crop residues, animal manure and municipal solid wastes

See on www.bioenergyconsult.com

Islam and Environment Protection


See on Scoop.itFostering Sustainable Development

Environment protection is an important aspect of Islam. Being stewards of the Earth, it is the responsibility of Muslims to care for the environment in a proactive manner. There is a definite purpose

Salman Zafar‘s insight:

The Islamic perspective on environment protection reflects a positive image about Islam and how it embraces every single matter the humans face on earth. The Islamic attitude towards environment and natural resource conservation is not only based on prohibition of over-exploitation but also on sustainable development.

See on www.ecomena.org

Introduction to Trigeneration


See on Scoop.itEnergy Blog

Trigeneration refers to the simultaneous generation of electricity and useful heating and cooling from the combustion of a biomass fuel or a solar heat collector. Conventional coal or nuclear

Salman Zafar‘s insight:

There is very good potential for deployment of trigeneration in the Middle East. The constant year-round heat coupled with expensive glass exteriors for hotel, airports, offices, apartments etc result in very high indoor temperatures. The combination of distributed generation of power and utilization of waste heat can provide a sustainable solution to meet the high demand for refrigeration in the region.

See on www.ecomena.org

Importance of Anaerobic Digestion in Rural Areas


See on Scoop.itFostering Sustainable Development

Anaerobic digestion proves to be a beneficial technology in various spheres. Biogas produced is a green replacement of unprocessed fuels (like fuel wood, dung cakes, crop residues).

Salman Zafar‘s insight:

Anaerobic digestion proves to be a beneficial technology in various spheres. Biogas produced is a green replacement of unprocessed fuels (like fuel wood, dung cakes, crop residues). It is a cost effective replacement for dung cakes and wood.

See on www.cleantechloops.com

Role of Agricultural Sector in Renewable Energy Promotion


See on Scoop.itRenewables

The continuous rise in fossil energy prices, combined with climate change concerns and progress in renewable energy sector, has catalyzed interest in clean energy systems across the MENA region, espec…

Salman Zafar‘s insight:

The Mediterranean region has abundant renewable resources, such as wind, solar, and biomass, which makes it a fertile zone for renewable energy developments. The agricultural sector has played a key role in the progress of global renewable energy sector. The sector provides large areas where renewable energy projects are built and is also the predominant feedstock source for biomass energy projects. For example, German agricultural sector accounts for one-fifth of the total installed PV capacity. The main objective of this article is to explore the role that Mediterranean agricultural sector can play in tapping tremendous renewable energy potential available in the region.

See on www.ecomena.org

Photovoltaics and Our Energy Future


Originally posted on Clean.Tech.Verdict:

In a previous post we provided an overview of solar energy and promised to delve into more detail about specific technologies in future posts.  Here, we’ll look into photovoltaic (PV) technology and its potential as a cost-effective way to harness renewable energy.

The International Space Station. Source: PBS-NOVA

The International Space Station. Source: PBS-NOVA

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The Barter Market of Mexico City – an inspiring idea for recycling waste


My Little Paper Recycling Project


See on Scoop.itFostering Sustainable Development

Paper industry is considered as one of the world’s largest consumers of fossil fuels and biggest industrial polluter. The industry is criticized by environmental groups for being responsible for

Salman Zafar‘s insight:

I started this project last year in my college to encourage and motivate students to recycle papers. Like other educational institutions, paper consumption is very high in our college and I devised a simple cost-effective method to transform old papers and magazines into a high-quality quality pencil which can be used at school or at work.

See on www.ecomena.org

2012 in review – Cleantech Solutions Blog


The WordPress.com stats helper monkeys prepared a 2012 annual report for Cleantech Solutions Blog.

Here’s an excerpt:

4,329 films were submitted to the 2012 Cannes Film Festival. This blog had 13,000 views in 2012. If each view were a film, this blog would power 3 Film Festivals

Click here to see the complete report.

Concept of Energy Management


See on Scoop.itEnergy Blog

Energy management is the best solution for direct and immediate reduction of energy consumption. For the last few decades we have been exploring various alternatives to conventional sources of energy like solar, wind and biomass energy. However, due attention must also be given to best utilization of energy, improvement in energy efficiencies and optimum management of energy resources. Infact, energy management deals with already existing sources and actual consumption. It includes planning and operation of energy-related production and consumption units.

See on www.ecomena.org