The Promise of Solar Ponds


A solar pond is a three-dimensional, open-air pit, filled with water endowed with special properties. It receives solar energy through…

Conversion of Biogas into Biomethane


Each biogas-to-biomethane process has its own advantages and disadvantages, depending on the biogas origin, composition and geographical orientation of the…

Climate Change in Kuwait


One of the main climate change impacts is sea level rise on coastal areas of all Arabian Gulf states. Kuwait…

Sustainable Use of Old Clothes


Tens of millions of tons of old clothes are discarded worldwide each year. In affluent countries, around 5-6% of the municipal…

Transitioning to Circular Economy


The transition towards a circular economy requires a new mindset from government that acknowledges and empowers individuals. Not only must…

Nouakchott – Making of a City


Like other major cities worldwide, Nouakchott is plagued by environmental, social and economical challenges. Sewage disposal network, dating back to 1960’s…

Qatar’s Solar Energy Program


Qatar’s solar energy future is steadily developing. With average daily sunshine of around 9.5 hours, low-cloud cover conditions and plentiful…