Conversion of Biogas into Biomethane

Each biogas-to-biomethane process has its own advantages and disadvantages, depending on the biogas origin, composition and geographical orientation of the plant. Amine scrubbers are a good choice when surplus heat is available for the regeneration of the washing liquid. With respect to cryogenic Liquefaction (CL) one may conclude that, this technology has a questionable track-record, is highly complex, hard to operate, and should therefore not be selected for small-medium scale applications.

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Upgrading of raw biogas-to-biomethane (grid, CNG or LNG quality) provides additional utilization routes that have the extra advantage to be independent of existing infrastructure. Membrane based technology is the best way forward due to its ease of operation, robustness and the high quality of the end-products.

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#InspireMENA – Inspiring Sustainable Development through Storytelling

#InspireMENA Initiative will work to raise awareness and magnify impact on sustainable development issues and projects throughout the MENA region. Each #InspireMENA story will be shared in both English and Arabic on both platforms. Professionals, volunteers and writers are invited through both networks to contribute to identifying stories, writing and translating articles.

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More than half of that population in MENA is below 25 and is currently going through a lot in terms of political, economic, and social change. Despite all of this, young people across the region are innovating and making positive change in their communities. It is of utmost importance to support such impact with credible information, more visibility for success stories, and better communication tools.

See on Scoop.itFostering Sustainable Development

Renewable Energy from Palm Oil Mill Effluent

Palm Oil Mill Effluent (commonly known as POME) is an attractive feedstock for biogas production and is abundantly available in all palm oil mills. Hence, it ensures continuous supply of substrates at no or low cost, positioning it as a great potential source for biomethane production. Most palm oil mills and refineries have their own treatment systems for POME, which is easily amenable to biodegradation due to its high organic content. The treatment system usually consists of anaerobic and aerobic ponds. 

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Due to the high fraction of organic materials, POME has a large energetic potential. By unlocking the energetic potential of these streams through conversion/ digesting and capture of biogas, palm oil mill owners have the opportunity to combine waste management with a profitable business model.

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Climate Change in Kuwait

One of the main climate change impacts is sea level rise on coastal areas of all Arabian Gulf states. Kuwait is highly vulnerable to the impacts of sea level rise as it could lead to severe impacts on industrial and socio-economic development. Climate change-induced sea level rise may lead to flooding of low-lying urban infrastructure, inundation of coastal ecosystems and deterioration of groundwater quality….

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Kuwait is both physically and biologically threatened by the climate change phenomenon. Over the next few decades, Kuwait could be potentially facing serious impacts of global warming in the form of floods, droughts, depletion of aquifers, inundation of coastal areas, frequent sandstorms, loss of biodiversity, significant damage to ecosystem, threat to agricultural production and outbreak of diseases.

See on Scoop.itFostering Sustainable Development

Sustainable Use of Old Clothes

Tens of millions of tons of old clothes are discarded worldwide each year. In affluent countries, around 5-6% of the municipal solid waste is comprised of used clothes.  Americans discarded 13.1 million tons of textiles in 2010, out of which only 15 percent was recycled, while more …

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When thrown in garbage bins, textile wastes are transported to the landfill site, where it is dumped and buried taking a sizeable area of the landfill space and entailing cost of transportation and handling. Decomposing textiles releases methane, a harmful greenhouse gas and a significant contributor to global warming. There are dyes and chemicals in fabric and other components of clothing that can leach into the soil, contaminating both surface and groundwater.

See on Scoop.itWaste Waste Everywhere

Climate Change: A health catastrophe in Making

Salman Zafar:

Global climate change would affect human health through pathways of varying complexity, scale and directness and with different timing. Similarly, impacts would vary geographically as a function both of environment, topography and vulnerability of the local population.

Originally posted on CliM'Blog:

NeeshadNeeshad VS is a youth environmental activist and outspoken climate change advocate, who campaigns extensively on social media platforms to raise the awareness about climate change, water and wildlife conservation and sustainable development. He currently holds community manager position at CliMates and co-coordinator at AYCM Qatar (Arab Youth Climate Movement), Online Digital Advocate at World Humanitarian Summit and Executive Member with African Youth Advocacy Platform (AYAP). He is also an active member with numerous social initiatives like QGBC (Qatar Green Building Council, Qatar), Reach Out to Asia (ROTA) Qatar, Estedama Qatar, WISE (World Innovation Summit for Education, Qatar), Eco Mena, Greenpeace India and 350 India.

The effects of climate change are being felt today and future projections present an unacceptably high and potentially catastrophic risk to human health. The overall health effects of a changing climate are overwhelmingly seen across the globe. Climate change affects social and environmental determinants of health:…

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Transitioning to Circular Economy

The transition towards a circular economy requires a new mindset from government that acknowledges and empowers individuals. Not only must we approach the issue from the bottom-up, but also from the side and above. Consumer behaviour must be steered by both ‘soft’ and ‘hard’ controls: through information and communication, because of the importance of psychological factors; but also through financial instruments, because both consumers and industry are clearly responsive to such stimuli.

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The interpretation of municipal duty of care determines options for waste collection, disposal and processing. Also essential is the way in which producer responsibility takes shape, and the government must provide a clear separation of private and public duties. Businesses may be liable for the negative aspects of unbridled growth and irresponsible actions.

See on Scoop.itWaste Waste Everywhere